FCX
$12.28
Freeport-Mcmoran
$.12
.99%
Earnings Details
Quarter December 2018
Thursday, January 24, 2019 8:00:00 AM
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Summary

Freeport-Mcmoran Misses

Freeport-Mcmoran (FCX) reported Quarter December 2018 earnings of $0.11 per share on revenue of $3.7 billion. The consensus earnings estimate was $0.21 per share on revenue of $3.9 billion. The Earnings Whisper number was $0.18 per share. Revenue fell 26.9% compared to the same quarter a year ago.

Freeport-McMoRan Inc, formerly Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, deals in the mining of copper, gold and molybdenum.

Results
Reported Earnings
$0.11
Earnings Whisper
$0.18
Consensus Estimate
$0.21
Reported Revenue
$3.68 Bil
Revenue Estimate
$3.93 Bil
Growth
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Power Rating
Grade
Earnings Release

Freeport-McMoRan Reports Fourth-Quarter and Year Ended 2018 Results

PHOENIX--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Freeport-McMoRan Inc. (NYSE: FCX):

  • Net income attributable to common stock totaled $140 million, $0.09 per share, in fourth-quarter 2018. After adjusting for net charges of $21 million, $0.02 per share, fourth-quarter 2018 adjusted net income attributable to common stock totaled $161 million, $0.11 per share.
  • Consolidated sales totaled 785 million pounds of copper, 266 thousand ounces of gold and 24 million pounds of molybdenum in fourth-quarter 2018, and 3.8 billion pounds of copper, 2.4 million ounces of gold and 94 million pounds of molybdenum for the year 2018. Fourth-quarter 2018 consolidated copper and gold sales were lower than consolidated production of 841 million pounds of copper and 334 thousand ounces of gold because of timing of shipments.
  • Consolidated sales for the year 2019, which reflects a transition year, are expected to approximate 3.3 billion pounds of copper, 0.8 million ounces of gold and 94 million pounds of molybdenum, including 0.8 billion pounds of copper, 255 thousand ounces of gold and 24 million pounds of molybdenum in first-quarter 2019.
  • Average realized prices in fourth-quarter 2018 were $2.75 per pound for copper, $1,255 per ounce for gold and $12.75 per pound for molybdenum.
  • Average unit net cash costs in fourth-quarter 2018 were $1.54 per pound of copper and $1.07 per pound of copper for the year 2018. Unit net cash costs are expected to average $1.73 per pound of copper for the year 2019.
  • Operating cash flows totaled $(62) million (net of $400 million in working capital uses and timing of other tax payments) in fourth-quarter 2018 and $3.9 billion (net of $0.6 billion in working capital uses and timing of other tax payments) for the year 2018. Based on current sales volume and cost estimates, and assuming average prices of $2.75 per pound for copper, $1,300 per ounce for gold and $12.00 per pound for molybdenum, operating cash flows are expected to approximate $1.8 billion (net of $0.2 billion in working capital uses and timing of other tax payments) for the year 2019.
  • Capital expenditures totaled $0.6 billion in fourth-quarter 2018 (including approximately $0.3 billion for major mining projects) and $2.0 billion for the year 2018 (including approximately $1.2 billion for major mining projects). Capital expenditures for the year 2019 are expected to approximate $2.4 billion, including $1.5 billion for major mining projects primarily associated with underground development activities in the Grasberg minerals district in Indonesia and development of the Lone Star oxide project in Arizona.
  • On December 21, 2018, FCX successfully completed the transaction with the Indonesian government regarding PT Freeport Indonesia's (PT-FI) long-term mining rights and share ownership. FCX expects its share of future cash flows of the expanded PT-FI asset base, combined with the cash proceeds received in the transaction, to be comparable to its share of anticipated future cash flows under PT-FI’s previous Contract of Work (COW) and joint venture arrangements with Rio Tinto (Joint Venture).
  • At December 31, 2018, consolidated debt totaled $11.1 billion and consolidated cash totaled $4.2 billion. FCX had no borrowings and $3.5 billion available under its revolving credit facility at December 31, 2018.
  • On December 19, 2018, FCX declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.05 per share on its common stock, which will be paid on February 1, 2019.
  • Preliminary estimated consolidated recoverable proven and probable reserves at December 31, 2018, totaled 119.6 billion pounds of copper, 30.8 million ounces of gold and 3.78 billion pounds of molybdenum, which includes net additions of 23.7 billion pounds of copper primarily in North America and South America, and 13.0 billion pounds of copper and 10.1 million ounces of gold related to PT-FI’s acquisition of the Joint Venture interest.

Freeport-McMoRan Inc. (NYSE: FCX) reported net income attributable to common stock of $140 million ($0.09 per share) in fourth-quarter 2018 and $2.3 billion ($1.55 per share) for the year 2018. After adjusting for net charges of $21 million ($0.02 per share), primarily reflecting accruals for disputed royalty matters in Peru and net charges at PT-FI, partly offset by gains on sales of assets and tax credits, adjusted net income attributable to common stock totaled $161 million ($0.11 per share) in fourth-quarter 2018. Refer to the supplemental schedule, "Adjusted Net Income," on page VII, which is available on FCX's website, "fcx.com," for additional information.

Richard C. Adkerson, President and Chief Executive Officer, said, "During 2018, our global team achieved strong operating results with an ongoing focus on safety, productivity, cost management and capital discipline. We were successful in establishing a new partnership with the Indonesian government, which protects our long-term value at Grasberg. We continued to strengthen our balance sheet, commenced development of an exciting new copper project at Lone Star in Eastern Arizona, completed important construction projects to support long-term underground mining at Grasberg and added new reserves to our portfolio to extend mine lives and enhance future growth options. As we enter 2019, our priorities are focused on achieving important milestones to ramp-up production from our large-scale underground assets in the Grasberg minerals district, continuing our focus on productivity and cost management, advancing the Lone Star project and defining future growth options from our large portfolio of reserves and resources. Despite recent market uncertainty, we remain confident in the fundamentals and long-term outlook for copper and the opportunities to deliver substantial value to shareholders from our premier portfolio of geographically diverse long-lived copper assets."

 

SUMMARY FINANCIAL DATA

 
     

Three Months Ended
December 31,

   

Years Ended
December 31,

2018     2017 2018     2017
(in millions, except per share amounts)
Revenuesa,b $ 3,684 $ 5,041 $ 18,628 $ 16,403
Operating incomea $ 316 $ 1,479 $ 4,754 $ 3,690

Net (loss) income from continuing operations

$ (9 ) $ 1,193 $ 2,526 $ 2,029
Net income attributable to common stockc,d $ 140 $ 1,041 $ 2,257 $ 1,817
Diluted net income (loss) per share of common stock:
Continuing operations $ 0.09 $ 0.70 $ 1.56 $ 1.21
Discontinued operations   0.01 (0.01 ) 0.04
$ 0.09   $ 0.71 $ 1.55   $ 1.25
Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding 1,457 1,455 1,458 1,454
Operating cash flowse $ (62 ) $ 1,654 $ 3,863 $ 4,666
Capital expenditures $ 580 $ 390 $ 1,971 $ 1,410
At December 31:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 4,217 $ 4,526 $ 4,217 $ 4,526
Total debt, including current portion $ 11,141 $ 13,229 $ 11,141 $ 13,229
 

a. For segment financial results, refer to the supplemental schedules, "Business Segments," beginning on page X, which are available on FCX's website, "fcx.com."

b. Includes adjustments to prior period provisionally priced concentrate and cathode copper sales totaling $(32) million ($(15) million to net income attributable to common stock or $(0.01) per share) in fourth-quarter 2018, $104 million ($42 million to net income attributable to common stock or $0.03 per share) in fourth-quarter 2017, $(70) million ($(31) million to net income attributable to common stock or $(0.02) per share) for the year 2018 and $81 million ($34 million to net income attributable to common stock or $0.02 per share) for the year 2017. For further discussion, refer to the supplemental schedule, "Derivative Instruments," on page IX, which is available on FCX's website, "fcx.com."

c. Includes net (charges) gains of $(21) million ($(0.02) per share) in fourth-quarter 2018, $291 million ($0.20 per share) in fourth-quarter 2017, $48 million ($0.03 per share) for the year 2018 and $113 million ($0.08 per share) for the year 2017 that are described in the supplemental schedule, "Adjusted Net Income," on page VII, which is available on FCX's website, "fcx.com."

d. FCX defers recognizing profits on intercompany sales until final sales to third parties occur. For a summary of net impacts from changes in these deferrals, refer to the supplemental schedule, "Deferred Profits," on page IX, which is available on FCX's website, "fcx.com."

e. Includes net working capital (uses) sources and timing of other tax payments of $(400) million in fourth-quarter 2018, $184 million in fourth-quarter 2017, $(554) million for the year 2018 and $573 million for the year 2017.

 
 

SUMMARY OPERATING DATA

 
     

Three Months Ended
December 31,

   

Years Ended
December 31,

2018     2017 2018     2017
Copper (millions of recoverable pounds)
Production 841 1,007 3,813 3,737
Sales, excluding purchases 785 1,017 3,811 3,700
Average realized price per pound $ 2.75 $ 3.21 $ 2.91 $ 2.93
Site production and delivery costs per pounda $ 1.98 $ 1.61 $ 1.76 $ 1.60
Unit net cash costs per pounda $ 1.54 $ 1.03 $ 1.07 $ 1.19
Gold (thousands of recoverable ounces)
Production 334 567 2,439 1,577
Sales, excluding purchases 266 593 2,389 1,562
Average realized price per ounce $ 1,255 $ 1,285 $ 1,254 $ 1,268
Molybdenum (millions of recoverable pounds)
Production 26 22 95 92
Sales, excluding purchases 24 24 94 95
Average realized price per pound $ 12.75 $ 9.79 $ 12.50 $ 9.33
 

a. Reflects per pound weighted-average production and delivery costs and unit net cash costs (net of by-product credits) for all copper mines, before net noncash and other costs. For reconciliations of per pound unit costs by operating division to production and delivery costs applicable to sales reported in FCX's consolidated financial statements, refer to the supplemental schedules, "Product Revenues and Production Costs," beginning on page XIII, which are available on FCX's website, "fcx.com."

 

Consolidated Sales Volumes

Fourth-quarter 2018 copper and gold production of 841 million pounds and 334 thousand ounces exceeded October 2018 sales estimates. Fourth-quarter 2018 copper and gold sales were lower than production, primarily reflecting adjustments to shipping schedules in Indonesia as a result of unscheduled maintenance at PT Smelting (PT-FI's 25-percent owned smelter and refinery in Gresik, Indonesia). Fourth-quarter 2018 copper and gold sales of 785 million pounds and 266 thousand ounces were lower than fourth-quarter 2017 sales of 1.0 billion pounds and 593 thousand ounces, primarily reflecting anticipated lower ore grades and mill rates in Indonesia.

Fourth-quarter 2018 molybdenum sales of 24 million pounds approximated both the October 2018 estimate and fourth-quarter 2017 sales.

Sales volumes for the year 2019 are expected to approximate 3.3 billion pounds of copper, 0.8 million ounces of gold and 94 million pounds of molybdenum, including 0.8 billion pounds of copper, 255 thousand ounces of gold and 24 million pounds of molybdenum in first-quarter 2019. As PT-FI transitions mining from the open pit to underground, its production is expected to be significantly lower in 2019 and 2020, compared to 2018. Metal production is expected to improve significantly by 2021 following a ramp-up period.

Consolidated Unit Costs

Consolidated average unit net cash costs (net of by-product credits) for FCX's copper mines of $1.54 per pound of copper in fourth-quarter 2018 were higher than unit net cash costs of $1.03 per pound in fourth-quarter 2017, primarily reflecting lower sales volumes in Indonesia and lower by-product credits.

Assuming average prices of $1,300 per ounce of gold and $12.00 per pound of molybdenum for 2019 and achievement of current sales volume and cost estimates, consolidated unit net cash costs (net of by-product credits) for copper mines are expected to average $1.73 per pound of copper for the year 2019. FCX expects unit net cash costs to decline in 2020 and 2021 following a ramp-up period. The impact of price changes on 2019 consolidated unit net cash costs would approximate $0.01 per pound for each $50 per ounce change in the average price of gold and $0.03 per pound for each $2 per pound change in the average price of molybdenum. Quarterly unit net cash costs vary with fluctuations in sales volumes and realized prices, primarily for gold and molybdenum.

MINING OPERATIONS

North America Copper Mines. FCX operates seven open-pit copper mines in North America - Morenci, Bagdad, Safford, Sierrita and Miami in Arizona, and Chino and Tyrone in New Mexico. In addition to copper, certain of FCX's North America copper mines produce molybdenum concentrate, gold and silver. All of the North America mining operations are wholly owned, except for Morenci. FCX records its 72 percent undivided joint venture interest in Morenci using the proportionate consolidation method.

Operating and Development Activities. FCX has significant undeveloped reserves and resources in North America and a portfolio of potential long-term development projects. Future investments will be undertaken based on the results of economic and technical feasibility studies, and are dependent on market conditions. FCX continues to study opportunities to reduce the capital intensity of its potential long-term development projects.

Through exploration drilling, FCX has identified a significant resource at its wholly owned Lone Star project located near the Safford operation in eastern Arizona. An initial project to develop the Lone Star oxide ores commenced in first-quarter 2018, with first production expected by the end of 2020. Total capital costs, including mine equipment and pre-production stripping, are expected to approximate $850 million and will benefit from the utilization of existing infrastructure at the adjacent Safford operation. As of December 31, 2018, approximately $290 million has been incurred for this project. Initial production from the Lone Star oxide ores is expected to average approximately 200 million pounds of copper per year. The project also advances exposure to a significant sulfide resource. FCX expects to incorporate recent positive drilling and ongoing results in its future development plans.

Operating Data. Following is summary consolidated operating data for the North America copper mines for the fourth quarters and years 2018 and 2017:

         

Three Months Ended
December 31,

Years Ended
December 31,

2018     2017 2018     2017
Copper (millions of recoverable pounds)
Production 353 367 1,404 1,518
Sales, excluding purchases 333 354 1,428 1,484
Average realized price per pound $ 2.77 $ 3.15 $ 2.96 $ 2.85
 
Molybdenum (millions of recoverable pounds)
Productiona 9 8 32 33
 
Unit net cash costs per pound of copperb
Site production and delivery, excluding adjustments $ 2.01 $ 1.77 $ 1.94 $ 1.63
By-product credits (0.34 ) (0.21 ) (0.26 ) (0.17 )
Treatment charges 0.12   0.10   0.11   0.10  
Unit net cash costs $ 1.79   $ 1.66   $ 1.79   $ 1.56  
 

a. Refer to summary operating data on page 3 for FCX's consolidated molybdenum sales, which includes sales of molybdenum produced at the North America copper mines.

b. For a reconciliation of unit net cash costs per pound to production and delivery costs applicable to sales reported in FCX's consolidated financial statements, refer to the supplemental schedules, "Product Revenues and Production Costs," beginning on page XIII, which are available on FCX's website, "fcx.com."

 

North America's consolidated copper sales volumes of 333 million pounds in fourth-quarter 2018 were lower than fourth-quarter 2017 sales of 354 million pounds, primarily reflecting timing of shipments. North America copper sales are estimated to approximate 1.4 billion pounds for the year 2019, similar to the year 2018.

Average unit net cash costs (net of by-product credits) for the North America copper mines of $1.79 per pound of copper in fourth-quarter 2018 were higher than unit net cash costs of $1.66 per pound in fourth-quarter 2017, primarily reflecting higher mining and milling rates and lower sales volumes, partly offset by higher molybdenum credits.

Average unit net cash costs (net of by-product credits) for the North America copper mines are expected to approximate $1.86 per pound of copper for the year 2019, based on achievement of current sales volume and cost estimates and assuming an average molybdenum price of $12.00 per pound. North America's average unit net cash costs for the year 2019 would change by approximately $0.04 per pound for each $2 per pound change in the average price of molybdenum.

South America Mining. FCX operates two copper mines in South America - Cerro Verde in Peru (in which FCX owns a 53.56 percent interest) and El Abra in Chile (in which FCX owns a 51 percent interest). These operations are consolidated in FCX's financial statements. In addition to copper, the Cerro Verde mine produces molybdenum concentrate and silver.

Operating and Development Activities. Cerro Verde's expanded operations benefit from its large-scale, long-lived reserves and cost efficiencies. Cerro Verde's concentrator facilities have continued to perform well, with average mill throughput rates of 395,800 metric tons of ore per day in fourth-quarter 2018 and 387,600 metric tons of ore per day for the year 2018. During 2018, Cerro Verde received a modified environmental permit allowing it to operate its existing concentrator facilities at rates up to 409,500 metric tons of ore per day.

FCX continues to evaluate a large-scale expansion at El Abra to process additional sulfide material and to achieve higher recoveries. El Abra's large sulfide resource could potentially support a major mill project similar to facilities constructed at Cerro Verde. Technical and economic studies are being advanced to determine the optimal scope and timing for the project.

Cerro Verde Royalty Dispute. In December 2018, Cerro Verde elected not to appeal the Peruvian Tax Tribunal's decision that denied Cerro Verde's request to waive penalties and interest related to disputed mining royalty assessments for the period January 2009 through September 2011. Cerro Verde is continuing to evaluate alternative strategies to defend its rights. As a result of the decision to not appeal the Tax Tribunal's decision, Cerro Verde recorded pre-tax charges in fourth-quarter 2018 totaling $399 million ($195 million net of income taxes and noncontrolling interests), primarily for penalties and interest for the years 2009 through 2013.

Operating Data. Following is summary consolidated operating data for the South America mining operations for the fourth quarters and years 2018 and 2017:

         

Three Months Ended
December 31,

Years Ended
December 31,

2018     2017 2018     2017
Copper (millions of recoverable pounds)
Production 318 303 1,249 1,235
Sales 325 312 1,253 1,235
Average realized price per pound $ 2.74 $ 3.22 $ 2.87 $ 2.97
 
Molybdenum (millions of recoverable pounds)
Productiona 8 6 28 27
 
Unit net cash costs per pound of copperb
Site production and delivery, excluding adjustments $ 1.77 $ 1.71 $ 1.79 c $ 1.59
By-product credits (0.26 ) (0.20 ) (0.24 ) (0.18 )
Treatment charges 0.19 0.21 0.19 0.22
Royalty on metals 0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01  
Unit net cash costs $ 1.71   $ 1.73   $ 1.75   $ 1.64  
 

a. Refer to summary operating data on page 3 for FCX's consolidated molybdenum sales, which includes sales of molybdenum produced at Cerro Verde.

b. For a reconciliation of unit net cash costs per pound to production and delivery costs applicable to sales reported in FCX's consolidated financial statements, refer to the supplemental schedules, "Product Revenues and Production Costs," beginning on page XIII, which are available on FCX's website, "fcx.com."

c. Includes $0.06 per pound of copper for the year 2018 associated with nonrecurring charges for Cerro Verde's new three-year collective labor agreement. Refer to the supplemental schedule, “Adjusted Net Income,” on page VII, which is available on FCX’s website, “fcx.com,” for a summary of these charges.

 

South America's consolidated copper sales volumes of 325 million pounds in fourth-quarter 2018 were higher than fourth-quarter 2017 sales of 312 million pounds, primarily reflecting timing of shipments. Sales from South America mining are expected to approximate 1.3 billion pounds of copper for the year 2019, compared with 1.25 billion pounds of copper in 2018.

Average unit net cash costs (net of by-product credits) for South America mining of $1.71 per pound of copper in fourth-quarter 2018 were lower than unit net cash costs of $1.73 per pound in fourth-quarter 2017, primarily reflecting higher copper sales volumes and molybdenum credits, partly offset by higher mining and milling costs.

Average unit net cash costs (net of by-product credits) for South America mining are expected to approximate $1.66 per pound of copper for the year 2019, based on current sales volume and cost estimates and assuming an average price of $12.00 per pound of molybdenum.

Indonesia Mining. FCX operates PT-FI's mining operations, in which FCX owns a 48.76 percent interest. PT-FI's assets include one of the world's largest copper and gold deposits at the Grasberg minerals district in Papua, Indonesia. PT-FI produces copper concentrate that contains significant quantities of gold and silver.

Regulatory Matters. On December 21, 2018, FCX completed the transaction with the Indonesian government regarding PT-FI’s long-term mining rights and share ownership. FCX expects its share of future cash flows of the expanded PT-FI asset base, combined with the cash proceeds received in the transaction, to be comparable to its share of anticipated future cash flows under PT-FI’s previous COW and Joint Venture.

Pursuant to the previously announced divestment agreement and related documents, PT Indonesia Asahan Aluminium (Persero) (PT Inalum), a state-owned enterprise that is wholly owned by the Indonesian government, acquired for cash consideration of $3.85 billion all of Rio Tinto's interests associated with the Joint Venture and 100 percent of FCX's interests in PT Indonesia Papua Metal Dan Mineral (PT Indonesia - formerly known as PT Indocopper Investama). Of the $3.85 billion in cash consideration, Rio Tinto received $3.5 billion and FCX received $350 million. In addition, Rio Tinto paid FCX $107 million for its share of the 2018 Joint Venture cash flows.

In connection with the transaction, a 40 percent share ownership in PT-FI was issued to PT Inalum and PT Indonesia (which is owned 60 percent by PT Inalum and 40 percent by the provincial/regional government in Papua) and the Joint Venture interests will be merged into PT-FI. As a result, PT Inalum's and PT Indonesia's collective share ownership of PT-FI totals 51.24 percent and FCX's share ownership is 48.76 percent. The arrangements provide for FCX and the other pre-transaction PT-FI shareholders to retain the economics of the revenue and cost sharing arrangements under the Joint Venture. As a result, FCX’s economic interest in PT-FI, including its share of PT-FI's net income, is expected to approximate 81.28 percent through 2022.

FCX, PT-FI, PT Indonesia and PT Inalum also entered into a shareholders agreement at closing, which includes provisions related to the governance and management of PT-FI, and establishes FCX's control over the management of PT-FI's operations. As a result, FCX continues to consolidate PT-FI in its financial statements.

Concurrent with closing the transaction, the Indonesian government granted PT-FI a new special mining license (IUPK) to replace its COW, enabling PT-FI to conduct operations in the Grasberg minerals district through 2041. The IUPK and related documentation provide assured legal and fiscal terms and legal enforceability through 2041. Under the terms of the IUPK, PT-FI has been granted an extension of mining rights through 2031, with rights to extend mining rights through 2041, subject to PT-FI completing the construction of a new smelter in Indonesia within five years of closing the transaction and fulfilling its defined fiscal obligations to the Indonesian government.

The key fiscal terms set forth in the IUPK include a 25 percent corporate income tax rate, a 10 percent profits tax on net income and royalties of 4 percent for copper, 3.75 percent for gold and 3.25 percent for silver. The IUPK also requires PT-FI to pay duties on concentrate exports of 5 percent, declining to 2.5 percent when smelter development progress exceeds 30 percent, and eliminated when smelter development progress exceeds 50 percent.

PT-FI and Indonesia’s Ministry of Environment and Forestry (the MOEF) have established a new framework for continuous improvement in environmental practices in its operations, including initiatives that PT-FI will pursue to increase tailings retention and to evaluate large-scale beneficial uses of tailings within Indonesia. The MOEF has issued a new decree that incorporates various initiatives and studies to be completed by PT-FI that would target continuous improvement in a manner that would not impose new technical risks or significant long-term costs to PT-FI's operations. The new framework enables PT-FI to maintain compliance with site-specific standards and provides for ongoing monitoring by the MOEF.

PT-FI has committed to construct a new smelter in Indonesia within five years of the closing of the above discussed transaction. PT-FI is initiating front-end engineering and design and intends to pursue financing, commercial and potential partner arrangements for this project, which has a preliminary estimated capital cost in the $3 billion range. The economics of PT-FI’s share of the new smelter will be borne by PT-FI’s shareholders according to their respective long-term share ownership percentages.

Operating and Development Activities. PT-FI is currently mining the final phase of the Grasberg open pit and expects to transition to the Grasberg Block Cave (GBC) underground mine in the first half of 2019.

PT-FI continues to advance several projects in the Grasberg minerals district related to the development of its large-scale, long-lived, high-grade underground ore bodies. In aggregate, these underground ore bodies are expected to produce large-scale quantities of copper and gold following the transition from the Grasberg open pit. PT-FI's estimated annual capital spending on underground mine development projects is expected to average $0.7 billion per year over the next four years, net of scheduled contributions from PT Inalum. In accordance with applicable accounting guidance, aggregate costs (before scheduled contributions from PT Inalum), which are expected to average $0.9 billion per year through 2022, will be reflected as an investing activity in FCX's cash flow statement, and contributions from PT Inalum, which are expected to average approximately $0.17 billion per year through 2022, will be reflected as a financing activity. Considering the long-term nature and size of these projects, actual costs could vary from these estimates.

Substantial progress has been made to prepare for the transition to mining of the GBC underground mine. First undercut blasting occurred in September 2018, first drawbell blasting occurred in December 2018 and cave production is scheduled for the first half of 2019. All underground mining levels and the ore flow system are being commissioned. Production rates over the next five years are expected to ramp up to 130,000 metric tons of ore per day.

During third-quarter 2018, PT-FI commenced hydraulic fracturing activities to manage rock stresses and pre-condition the Deep Mill Level Zone (DMLZ) underground mine for large-scale production following mining induced seismic activity experienced in 2017 and 2018. Results to date have been effective in managing rock stresses and pre-conditioning the cave. PT-FI expects to commence the ramp-up of production in the DMLZ underground mine by mid-2019 and to reach full production rates of 80,000 metric tons per day in 2022. Estimates of timing of future production continue to be reviewed and may be modified as additional information becomes available.

Operating Data. Following is summary consolidated operating data for the Indonesia mining operations for the fourth quarters and years 2018 and 2017:

         

Three Months Ended
December 31,

Years Ended
December 31,

2018     2017 2018     2017
Copper (millions of recoverable pounds)
Production 170 337 1,160 984
Sales 127 351 1,130 981
Average realized price per pound $ 2.72 $ 3.25 $ 2.89 $ 3.00
 
Gold (thousands of recoverable ounces)
Production 327 562 2,416 1,554
Sales 261 584 2,366 1,540
Average realized price per ounce $ 1,254 $ 1,285 $ 1,254 $ 1,268
 
Unit net cash costs (credits) per pound of coppera
Site production and delivery, excluding adjustments $ 2.44 $ 1.36 b $ 1.48 $ 1.57 b
Gold and silver credits (2.70 ) (2.18 ) (2.69 ) (2.05 )
Treatment charges 0.29 0.26 0.26 0.27
Export duties 0.21 0.15 0.16 0.12
Royalty on metals 0.21   0.19   0.21   0.17  
Unit net cash costs (credits) $ 0.45   $ (0.22 ) $ (0.58 ) $ 0.08  
 

a. For a reconciliation of unit net cash costs (credits) per pound to production and delivery costs applicable to sales reported in FCX's consolidated financial statements, refer to the supplemental schedules, "Product Revenues and Production Costs," beginning on page XIII, which are available on FCX's website, "fcx.com."

b. Excludes fixed costs charged directly to production and delivery costs totaling $0.02 per pound of copper for fourth-quarter 2017 and $0.12 per pound of copper for the year 2017 associated with workforce reductions. Refer to the supplemental schedules, "Product Revenues and Production Costs," beginning on page XIII, which are available on FCX's website, "fcx.com."

 

Indonesia's consolidated sales of 127 million pounds of copper and 261 thousand ounces of gold in fourth-quarter 2018 were lower than fourth-quarter 2017 sales of 351 million pounds of copper and 584 thousand ounces of gold, primarily reflecting anticipated lower ore grades and mill rates, and a deferral of shipments in late 2018 resulting from unscheduled maintenance at PT Smelting.

As PT-FI transitions mining from the open pit to underground, production is expected to be significantly lower in 2019 and 2020, compared to 2018. Metal production is expected to improve significantly by 2021 following a ramp-up period. Consolidated sales volumes from Indonesia mining are expected to approximate 0.6 billion pounds of copper and 0.8 million ounces of gold for the year 2019, compared with 1.1 billion pounds of copper and 2.4 million ounces of gold for the year 2018.

A significant portion of PT-FI's costs are fixed and unit costs vary depending on production volumes and other factors. Indonesia's unit net cash costs (including gold and silver credits) of $0.45 per pound of copper in fourth-quarter 2018, were higher than unit net cash credits of $0.22 per pound in fourth-quarter 2017, primarily reflecting lower copper sales volumes.

Assuming an average gold price of $1,300 per ounce for 2019 and achievement of current sales volume and cost estimates, unit net cash costs (including gold and silver credits) for Indonesia mining are expected to approximate $1.55 per pound of copper for the year 2019. Unit net cash costs are expected to decline significantly following the ramp-up of production. Indonesia mining's unit net cash costs for the year 2019 would change by approximately $0.06 per pound for each $50 per ounce change in the average price of gold. Because of the fixed nature of a large portion of Indonesia's costs, unit net cash costs vary from quarter to quarter depending on copper and gold volumes.

Indonesia mining's projected sales volumes and unit net cash costs for the year 2019 are dependent on a number of factors, including operational performance, timing of shipments, workforce productivity and the Indonesian government's extension of PT-FI's export license. PT-FI has applied for a one-year extension of its export license, which currently expires February 16, 2019.

Molybdenum Mines. FCX has two wholly owned molybdenum mines - the Henderson underground mine and the Climax open-pit mine - both in Colorado. The Henderson and Climax mines produce high-purity, chemical-grade molybdenum concentrate, which is typically further processed into value-added molybdenum chemical products. The majority of molybdenum concentrate produced at the Henderson and Climax mines, as well as from FCX's North America and South America copper mines, is processed at FCX's conversion facilities.

Operating and Development Activities. Production from the Molybdenum mines totaled 9 million pounds of molybdenum in fourth-quarter 2018 and 8 million pounds in fourth-quarter 2017. Refer to summary operating data on page 3 for FCX's consolidated molybdenum sales and average realized prices, which includes sales of molybdenum produced at the Molybdenum mines, and from FCX's North America and South America copper mines.

Unit net cash costs for the Molybdenum mines averaged $9.16 per pound of molybdenum in fourth-quarter 2018 and $8.31 per pound in fourth-quarter 2017. Based on current sales volume and cost estimates, average unit net cash costs for the Molybdenum mines are expected to approximate $8.90 per pound of molybdenum for the year 2019.

For a reconciliation of unit net cash costs per pound to production and delivery costs applicable to sales reported in FCX's consolidated financial statements, refer to the supplemental schedules, "Product Revenues and Production Costs," beginning on page XIII, which are available on FCX's website, "fcx.com."

Mining Exploration Activities. FCX's mining exploration activities are generally associated with its existing mines, focusing on opportunities to expand reserves and resources to support development of additional future production capacity. A drilling program to further delineate the Lone Star resource continues to indicate significant additional mineralization in this district, with higher ore grades than FCX's other North America copper mines. Exploration results continue to indicate opportunities for significant future potential reserve additions in North America and South America. Exploration spending is expected to approximate $65 million for the year 2019, compared with $78 million in 2018.

Preliminary Estimated Recoverable Proven and Probable Mineral Reserves. FCX has significant reserves, resources and future development opportunities within its portfolio of mining assets. FCX's preliminary estimated consolidated recoverable proven and probable reserves from its mines at December 31, 2018, include 119.6 billion pounds of copper, 30.8 million ounces of gold and 3.78 billion pounds of molybdenum, which were determined using $2.50 per pound for copper in North America and South America and $2.00 per pound for copper in Indonesia, $1,000 per ounce for gold and $10 per pound for molybdenum. The preliminary estimated recoverable proven and probable mining reserves presented in the table below represent the estimated metal quantities from which FCX expects to be paid after application of estimated metallurgical recovery rates and smelter recovery rates, where applicable. Recoverable reserve volumes are those which FCX estimates can be economically and legally extracted or produced at the time of the reserve determination.

     
Preliminary Estimated Recoverable Proven and Probable Mineral Reserves
at December 31, 2018
Copper       Gold       Molybdenum
(billion pounds) (million ounces) (billion pounds)
North America 49.9 0.6 3.06
South America 33.5 0.72
Indonesia 36.2 a 30.2 a
Consolidated basisb 119.6 30.8 3.78
 
Net equity interestc 86.8 17.0 3.44
 

a. Includes 13.0 billion pounds of copper and 10.1 million ounces of gold associated with PT-FI's acquisition of the Joint Venture interest. Preliminary estimated recoverable proven and probable reserves from Indonesia reflect estimates of minerals that can be recovered through 2041.

b. Consolidated reserves represent estimated metal quantities after reduction for FCX's joint venture partner interest at the Morenci mine in North America. Excluded from the table above are FCX’s estimated recoverable proven and probable reserves of 393.1 million ounces of silver, which were determined using $15 per ounce and include 55.7 million ounces associated with PT-FI's acquisition of the Joint Venture interest.

c. Net equity interest reserves represent estimated consolidated metal quantities further reduced for noncontrolling interest ownership. FCX's net equity interest for estimated metal quantities in Indonesia reflects 81.28 percent through 2022 and 48.76 percent from 2023 through 2041. Excluded from the table above are FCX’s estimated net recoverable proven and probable reserves of 269.3 million ounces of silver.

 

The following table summarizes changes in FCX's preliminary estimated consolidated recoverable proven and probable copper, gold and molybdenum reserves during 2018:

                 
Copper Gold Molybdenum
(billion pounds) (million ounces) (billion pounds)
Reserves at December 31, 2017 86.7 23.5 2.84
PT-FI acquisition of Joint Venture interest 13.0 10.1
Other net additions/revisions 23.7 a (0.4 ) 1.04 b
Production (3.8 ) (2.4 ) (0.10 )
Reserves at December 31, 2018 119.6   30.8   3.78  
 

a. Primarily reflects an increase in the copper price assumption from $2.00 per pound to $2.50 per pound for determining reserves in North America and South America.

b. Primarily reflects an increase in molybdenum reserves at North America copper mines and the Cerro Verde mine in Peru.

 

In addition to the preliminary estimated consolidated recoverable proven and probable reserves, FCX's preliminary estimated mineralized material at December 31, 2018, which was assessed using $3.00 per pound for copper, totaled 134 billion pounds of incremental contained copper. FCX continues to pursue opportunities to convert this material into reserves, future production volumes and cash flow.

CASH FLOWS, CASH and DEBT

Operating Cash Flows. FCX generated operating cash flows of $(62) million (net of $400 million in working capital uses and timing of other tax payments) in fourth-quarter 2018 and $3.9 billion (net of $0.6 billion in working capital uses and timing of other tax payments) for the year 2018.

Based on current sales volume and cost estimates, and assuming average prices of $2.75 per pound of copper, $1,300 per ounce of gold and $12.00 per pound of molybdenum, FCX's consolidated operating cash flows are estimated to approximate $1.8 billion (net of $0.2 billion in working capital uses and timing of other tax payments) for the year 2019. The impact of price changes during 2019 on operating cash flows would approximate $315 million for each $0.10 per pound change in the average price of copper, $40 million for each $50 per ounce change in the average price of gold and $130 million for each $2 per pound change in the average price of molybdenum.

Capital Expenditures. Capital expenditures totaled $0.6 billion in fourth-quarter 2018 (including approximately $0.3 billion for major mining projects) and $2.0 billion for the year 2018 (including approximately $1.2 billion for major mining projects).

Capital expenditures are expected to approximate $2.4 billion for the year 2019, including $1.5 billion for major mining projects primarily associated with underground development activities in the Grasberg minerals district and development of the Lone Star oxide project. FCX’s projected capital expenditures for 2019 are approximately $0.6 billion higher than projected operating cash flows based on an average copper price of $2.75 per pound and other assumptions included in this news release. A large portion of the capital expenditures relate to projects that are expected to add significant production and cash flow in future periods, enabling FCX to generate operating cash flows exceeding capital expenditures in future years. FCX has cash on hand and the financial flexibility to fund these expenditures and will continue to be disciplined in deploying capital.

Cash. Following is a summary of the U.S. and international components of consolidated cash and cash equivalents available to the parent company, net of noncontrolling interests' share, taxes and other costs at December 31, 2018 (in billions):

       
Cash at domestic companies $ 3.2
Cash at international operations 1.0  
Total consolidated cash and cash equivalents 4.2
Noncontrolling interests' share (0.4 )
Cash, net of noncontrolling interests' share $ 3.8
Withholding taxes and other   a
Net cash available $ 3.8  
 

a. Rounds to less than $0.1 billion.

 

Debt. At December 31, 2018, FCX's consolidated debt totaled $11.1 billion, with a related weighted-average interest rate of 4.55 percent. FCX had no borrowings, $13 million in letters of credit issued and $3.5 billion available under its revolving credit facility at December 31, 2018.

FINANCIAL POLICY

In February 2018, the FCX Board of Directors (Board) reinstated a cash dividend on FCX common stock. On December 19, 2018, FCX declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.05 per share on its common stock, which will be paid on February 1, 2019, to shareholders of record as of January 15, 2019. The declaration of dividends is at the discretion of the Board and will depend upon FCX’s financial results, cash requirements, future prospects and other factors deemed relevant by the Board.

WEBCAST INFORMATION

A conference call with securities analysts to discuss FCX's fourth-quarter and year ended 2018 results is scheduled for today at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time. The conference call will be broadcast on the Internet along with slides. Interested parties may listen to the conference call live and view the slides by accessing “fcx.com.” A replay of the webcast will be available through Friday, February 22, 2019.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

FCX is a leading international mining company with headquarters in Phoenix, Arizona. FCX operates large, long-lived, geographically diverse assets with significant proven and probable reserves of copper, gold and molybdenum. FCX is the world's largest publicly traded copper producer.

FCX’s portfolio of assets includes the Grasberg minerals district in Indonesia, one of the world's largest copper and gold deposits; and significant mining operations in the Americas, including the large-scale Morenci minerals district in North America and the Cerro Verde operation in South America. Additional information about FCX is available on FCX's website at "fcx.com."

Cautionary Statement and Regulation G Disclosure: This press release contains forward-looking statements in which FCX discusses its potential future performance. Forward-looking statements are all statements other than statements of historical facts, such as projections or expectations relating to ore grades and milling rates, production and sales volumes, unit net cash costs, operating cash flows, impacts resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act enacted in December 2017, capital expenditures, FCX's expectations regarding its share of PT-FI's future cash flows through 2022, PT-FI's development, financing, construction and completion of an Indonesian smelter, PT-FI's compliance with environmental standards under the new framework established by the MOEF, exploration efforts and results, development and production activities, rates and costs, liquidity, tax rates, export duties, the impact of copper, gold and molybdenum price changes, the impact of deferred intercompany profits on earnings, reserve estimates, and future dividend payments, share purchases and sales. The words “anticipates,” “may,” “can,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” "targets," “intends,” “likely,” “will,” “should,” “to be,” ”potential" and any similar expressions are intended to identify those assertions as forward-looking statements. The declaration of dividends is at the discretion of the Board and will depend on FCX's financial results, cash requirements, future prospects, and other factors deemed relevant by the Board.

FCX cautions readers that forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results may differ materially from those anticipated, expected, projected or assumed in the forward-looking statements. Important factors that can cause FCX's actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, supply of and demand for, and prices of, copper, gold and molybdenum; mine sequencing; production rates; timing of shipments; results of feasibility studies; potential inventory adjustments; potential impairment of long-lived mining assets; the potential effects of violence in Indonesia generally and in the province of Papua; the Indonesian government's extension of PT-FI's export license after February 16, 2019; risks associated with underground mining; satisfaction of requirements in accordance with PT-FI's IUPK to extend mining rights from 2031 through 2041; industry risks; regulatory changes; political risks; social risks; labor relations; weather- and climate-related risks; environmental risks; litigation results; cybersecurity incidents; and other factors described in more detail under the heading “Risk Factors” in FCX's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) as updated by FCX's subsequent filings with the SEC.

Investors are cautioned that many of the assumptions upon which FCX's forward-looking statements are based are likely to change after the forward-looking statements are made, including for example commodity prices, which FCX cannot control, and production volumes and costs, some aspects of which FCX may not be able to control. Further, FCX may make changes to its business plans that could affect its results. FCX cautions investors that it does not intend to update forward-looking statements more frequently than quarterly notwithstanding any changes in its assumptions, changes in business plans, actual experience or other changes, and FCX undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

This press release also includes forward-looking statements regarding mineralized material not included in proven and probable mineral reserves. Mineralized material is a mineralized body that has been delineated by appropriately spaced drilling and/or underground sampling to support the estimated tonnage and average metal grades. Such a deposit cannot qualify as recoverable proven and probable reserves until legal and economic feasibility are confirmed based upon a comprehensive evaluation of development costs, unit costs, grades, recoveries and other material factors. Accordingly, no assurance can be given that the estimated mineralized material not included in reserves will become proven and probable reserves.

This press release also contains certain financial measures such as unit net cash costs (credits) per pound of copper and molybdenum and adjusted net income, which are not recognized under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. As required by SEC Regulation G, reconciliations of these measures to amounts reported in FCX's consolidated financial statements are in the supplemental schedules of this press release, which are also available on FCX's website, "fcx.com."

 
FREEPORT-McMoRan INC.
SELECTED OPERATING DATA
 
      Three Months Ended December 31,  
2018     2017     2018       2017
MINING OPERATIONS: Production Sales

COPPER (millions of recoverable pounds)

(FCX's net interest in %)

North America

Morenci (72%)a 163 183 156 176
Bagdad (100%) 57 45 51 42
Safford (100%) 29 34 28 34
Sierrita (100%) 39 39 36 37
Miami (100%) 4 5 4 4
Chino (100%) 47 47 43 47
Tyrone (100%) 14 14 14 14
Other (100%) 1
Total North America 353 367 333 354
 

South America

Cerro Verde (53.56%) 269 256 271 259
El Abra (51%) 49 47 54 53
Total South America 318 303 325 312
 

Indonesia

Grasberg (48.76%)b 170 337 127 351
Total 841 1,007 785 c 1,017 c
Less noncontrolling interests 166 173 166 179
Net 675 834 619 838
 
Average realized price per pound $ 2.75 $ 3.21
 

GOLD (thousands of recoverable ounces)

(FCX's net interest in %)

North America (100%)

7 5 5 9
Indonesia (48.76%)b 327 562 261 584
Consolidated 334 567 266 593
Less noncontrolling interests 33 52 26 55
Net 301 515 240 538
 
Average realized price per ounce $ 1,255 $ 1,285
 

MOLYBDENUM (millions of recoverable pounds)

(FCX's net interest in %)
Henderson (100%) 4 3 N/A N/A
Climax (100%) 5 5 N/A N/A
North America copper mines (100%)a 9 8 N/A N/A
Cerro Verde (53.56%) 8 6 N/A N/A
Consolidated 26 22 24 24
Less noncontrolling interests 4 3 4 3
Net 22 19 20 21
 
Average realized price per pound $ 12.75 $ 9.79
 
 

a. Amounts are net of Morenci's undivided joint venture partners' interests.

 

b. Effective December 21, 2018, FCX's share ownership in PT Freeport Indonesia (PT-FI) is 48.76 percent. Through 2022, FCX’s economic interest in PT-FI is expected to approximate 81.28 percent.

 

c. Consolidated sales volumes exclude purchased copper of 99 million pounds in fourth-quarter 2018 and 78 million pounds in fourth-quarter 2017.

 
 
FREEPORT-McMoRan INC.
SELECTED OPERATING DATA (continued)
 
      Years Ended December 31,  
2018     2017     2018     2017
MINING OPERATIONS: Production Sales
Copper (millions of recoverable pounds)
(FCX's net interest in %)

North America

Morenci (72%)a 684 737 700 713
Bagdad (100%) 199 173 197 164
Safford (100%) 123 150 127 154
Sierrita (100%) 152 160 154 154
Miami (100%) 16 19 16 18
Chino (100%) 173 215 176 217
Tyrone (100%) 55 61 56 61
Other (100%) 2 3 2 3
Total North America 1,404 1,518 1,428 1,484
 

South America

Cerro Verde (53.56%) 1,049 1,062 1,051 1,062
El Abra (51%) 200 173 202 173
Total South America 1,249 1,235 1,253 1,235
 

Indonesia

Grasberg (48.76%)b 1,160 984 1,130 981
Total 3,813 3,737 3,811 c 3,700 c
Less noncontrolling interests 695 670 694 670
Net 3,118 3,067 3,117 3,030
 
Average realized price per pound $ 2.91 $ 2.93
 
Gold (thousands of recoverable ounces)
(FCX's net interest in %)
North America (100%) 23 23 23 22
Indonesia (48.76%)b 2,416 1,554 2,366 1,540
Consolidated 2,439 1,577 2,389 1,562
Less noncontrolling interests 228 145 223   144
Net 2,211 1,432 2,166 1,418
 
Average realized price per ounce $ 1,254 $ 1,268
 
Molybdenum (millions of recoverable pounds)
(FCX's net interest in %)
Henderson (100%) 14 12 N/A N/A
Climax (100%) 21 20 N/A N/A
North America (100%)a 32 33 N/A N/A
Cerro Verde (53.56%) 28 27 N/A N/A
Consolidated 95 92 94 95
Less noncontrolling interests 13 13 13 12
Net 82 79 81 83
 
Average realized price per pound $ 12.50 $ 9.33
 
 

a. Amounts are net of Morenci's undivided joint venture partners' interests.

 

b. Effective December 21, 2018, FCX's share ownership in PT-FI is 48.76 percent. Through 2022, FCX’s economic interest in PT-FI is expected to approximate 81.28 percent.

 

c. Consolidated sales volumes exclude purchased copper of 356 million pounds for the year 2018 and 273 million pounds for the year 2017.

 
 
FREEPORT-McMoRan INC.
SELECTED OPERATING DATA (continued)
 
      Three Months Ended December 31,     Years Ended December 31,
2018     2017 2018     2017
100% North America Copper Mines

Leach Operations

Leach ore placed in stockpiles (metric tons per day) 704,000 664,900 681,400 679,000
Average copper ore grade (percent) 0.23 0.27 0.24 0.28
Copper production (millions of recoverable pounds) 228 253 951 1,016
 

Mill Operations

Ore milled (metric tons per day) 310,500 297,800 301,000 299,500
Average ore grades (percent):
Copper 0.35 0.37 0.35 0.39
Molybdenum 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.03
Copper recovery rate (percent) 87.0 85.9 87.8 86.4
Production (millions of recoverable pounds):
Copper 188 185 719 788
Molybdenum 11 9 35 36
 
100% South America Mining

Leach Operations

Leach ore placed in stockpiles (metric tons per day) 171,600 160,600 195,200 142,800
Average copper ore grade (percent) 0.34 0.36 0.33 0.37
Copper production (millions of recoverable pounds) 73 65 287 255
 

Mill Operations

Ore milled (metric tons per day) 395,800 374,200 387,600 360,100
Average ore grades (percent):
Copper 0.36 0.43 0.38 0.44
Molybdenum 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02
Copper recovery rate (percent) 87.7 76.7 84.3 81.2
Production (millions of recoverable pounds):
Copper 245 238 962 980
Molybdenum 8 6 28 27
 
100% Indonesia Mining
Ore milled (metric tons per day):a
Grasberg open pit 110,800 133,200 133,300 101,800
Deep Ore Zone underground mine 35,600 36,700 33,800 31,200
Deep Mill Level Zone underground mine 4,700 3,700 3,200 3,200
Grasberg Block Cave underground mine 4,300 3,800 4,000 3,600
Big Gossan underground mine 5,100 700 3,800 600
Total 160,500 178,100 178,100 140,400
Average ore grades:
Copper (percent) 0.73 1.03 0.98 1.01
Gold (grams per metric ton) 1.08 1.28 1.58 1.15
Recovery rates (percent):
Copper 88.7 91.8 91.8 91.6
Gold 80.0 85.2 84.7 85.0
Production (recoverable):
Copper (millions of pounds) 197 326 1,227 996
Gold (thousands of ounces) 391 562 2,697 1,554
 
100% Molybdenum Mines
Ore milled (metric tons per day) 30,300 22,300 27,900 22,500
Average molybdenum ore grade (percent) 0.16 0.19 0.18 0.20
Molybdenum production (millions of recoverable pounds) 9 8 35 32
 
 

a. Amounts represent the approximate average daily throughput processed at PT-FI mill facilities from each producing mine and from development activities that result in metal production.

 
 
 
FREEPORT-McMoRan INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)
 
      Three Months Ended     Years Ended  
December 31, December 31,
2018     2017a 2018     2017a
(In Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
Revenuesb $ 3,684 $ 5,041 $ 18,628 $ 16,403
Cost of sales:
Production and delivery 2,899 c,d 2,804 c,d 11,691 c,d 10,266 c,d
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 403   d 457   1,754   d 1,714  
Total cost of sales 3,302 3,261 13,445 11,980
Selling, general and administrative expenses 102 d 115 443 d 477 d

Mining exploration and research expenses

33 33 105 93
Environmental obligations and shutdown costs 13 168 e 89 244 e
Net gain on sales of assets (82 ) (15 ) (208 ) (81 )
Total costs and expenses 3,368   3,562   13,874   12,713  
Operating income 316 1,479 4,754 3,690
Interest expense, netf (509 ) c,d (168 ) c (945 ) c,d (801 ) c
Net (loss) gain on early extinguishment of debt (1 ) 13 7 21
Other income (expense), net 13   c,d 1  

 

76   c,d,g (8 )

 

(Loss) income from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in affiliated companies' net earnings (181 ) 1,325 3,892 2,902
Benefit from (provision for) income taxesh 169 (136 ) (1,374 ) (883 )
Equity in affiliated companies' net earnings 3   4   8   10  
Net (loss) income from continuing operations (9 ) 1,193 2,526 2,029
Net income (loss) from discontinued operationsi 4   16   (15 ) 66  
Net (loss) income (5 ) 1,209 2,511 2,095
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests:
Continuing operations 145 (168 ) (254 ) (274 )
Discontinued operations       (4 )
Net income attributable to FCX common stockj $ 140   $ 1,041   $ 2,257   $ 1,817  
 
 
Diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to common stock:
Continuing operations $ 0.09 $ 0.70 $ 1.56 $ 1.21
Discontinued operations   0.01   (0.01 ) 0.04  
$ 0.09   $ 0.71   $ 1.55   $ 1.25  
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:
Basic 1,450   1,448   1,449   1,447  
Diluted 1,457   1,455   1,458   1,454  
 
Dividends declared per share of common stock $ 0.05   $   $ 0.20   $  
 

a. The adoption of accounting guidance related to the presentation of retirement benefits resulted in the reclassification of the non-service components of net periodic benefit cost to other income (expense), net.

b. Includes adjustments to provisionally priced concentrate and cathode sales. For a summary of adjustments to provisionally priced copper sales, refer to the supplemental schedule, "Derivative Instruments," on page IX.

c. Includes net charges associated with disputed Cerro Verde royalties for prior years, which are summarized in the supplemental schedule, "Adjusted Net Income," on page VII.

d. Includes PT-FI and other net charges, which are summarized in the supplemental schedules, "Adjusted Net Income," on page VII.

e. Primarily reflects adjustments to environmental obligations resulting from revised cost estimates.

f. Consolidated interest costs (before capitalization and excluding interest expense associated with disputed Cerro Verde royalties) totaled $170 million in fourth-quarter 2018, $194 million in fourth-quarter 2017, $671 million for the year 2018 and $777 million for the year 2017. Interest expense associated with disputed Cerro Verde royalties totaled $363 million in fourth-quarter 2018, $4 million in fourth-quarter 2017, $370 million or the year 2018 and $145 million for the year 2017.

g. Includes $30 million of interest received on tax refunds, mostly associated with the refund of PT-FI's prior years' tax receivables. Refer to the supplemental schedule, "Adjusted Net Income," on page VII.

h. For a summary of FCX's provision for income taxes, refer to the supplemental schedule, "Income Taxes," on page VIII.

i. Primarily reflects adjustments to the estimated fair value of contingent consideration related to the 2016 sale of FCX’s interest in TF Holdings Limited, which will continue to be adjusted through December 31, 2019.

j. FCX defers recognizing profits on intercompany sales until final sales to third parties occur. Refer to the supplemental schedule, "Deferred Profits," on page IX for a summary of net impacts from changes in these deferrals.

 
 
FREEPORT-McMoRan INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
 
      December 31,
2018     2017
(In Millions)
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 4,217 $ 4,526
Trade accounts receivable 829 1,322
Income and other tax receivables 493 343
Inventories:
Materials and supplies, net 1,528 1,323
Mill and leach stockpiles 1,453 1,422
Product 1,778 1,404
Other current assets 422   286  
Total current assets 10,720 10,626
Property, plant, equipment and mine development costs, net 28,482 a 22,994
Long-term mill and leach stockpiles 1,314 1,409
Other assets 2,172   2,273  
Total assets $ 42,688   $ 37,302  
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities $ 2,625 $ 2,497
Accrued income taxes 199 583
Current portion of environmental and asset retirement obligations 405 388
Dividends payable 73
Current portion of debt 17   1,414  
Total current liabilities 3,319 4,882
Long-term debt, less current portion 11,124 11,815
Deferred income taxes 4,869 a 3,663
Environmental and asset retirement obligations, less current portion 3,653 3,634
Other liabilities 2,230   2,012  
Total liabilities 25,195 26,006
 
Equity:
Stockholders' equity:
Common stock 158 158
Capital in excess of par value 26,163 26,751
Accumulated deficit (12,386 ) (14,722 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (605 ) (487 )
Common stock held in treasury (3,727 ) (3,723 )
Total stockholders' equity 9,603 7,977
Noncontrolling interests 7,890   a 3,319  
Total equity 17,493   11,296  
Total liabilities and equity $ 42,688   $ 37,302  
 

a. Includes additions of $5.1 billion in property, plant, equipment and mine development costs, $1.3 billion in deferred income taxes and $4.6 billion in noncontrolling interests associated with the PT-FI transaction.

 
 
FREEPORT-McMoRan INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
 
 
      Years Ended
December 31,
2018     2017
(In Millions)
Cash flow from operating activities:
Net income $ 2,511 $ 2,095
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 1,754 1,714
U.S. tax reform benefit (123 ) (393 )
Net gain on sales of assets (208 ) (81 )
Stock-based compensation 76 71
Net charges for Cerro Verde royalty dispute 371 355
Payments for Cerro Verde royalty dispute (56 ) (53 )
Net charges for environmental and asset retirement obligations, including accretion 262 383
Payments for environmental and asset retirement obligations (239 ) (131 )
Net charges for defined pension and postretirement plans 82 120
Pension plan contributions (75 ) (174 )
Net gain on early extinguishment of debt (7 ) (21 )
Deferred income taxes (55 ) 76
Loss (gain) on disposal of discontinued operations 15 (57 )
Decrease in long-term mill and leach stockpiles 94 224
Other, net 15 (35 )
Changes in working capital and other tax payments:
Accounts receivable 649 427
Inventories (631 ) (393 )
Other current assets (28 ) (28 )
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (106 ) 110
Accrued income taxes and timing of other tax payments (438 ) 457  
Net cash provided by operating activities 3,863   4,666  
 
Cash flow from investing activities:
Capital expenditures:
North America copper mines (601 ) (167 )
South America (237 ) (115 )
Indonesia (1,001 ) (875 )
Molybdenum mines (9 ) (5 )
Other (123 ) (248 )
Acquisition of PT Rio Tinto Indonesia (3,500 )
Proceeds from sales of:
PT Indonesia Papua Metal dan Mineral 457
Other assets 93 72
Intangible water rights and other, net (97 ) 17  
Net cash used in investing activities (5,018 ) (1,321 )
 
Cash flow from financing activities:
Proceeds from debt 632 955
Repayments of debt (2,717 ) (3,812 )
Proceeds from sale of PT-FI shares 3,500
Cash dividends paid:
Common stock (218 ) (2 )
Noncontrolling interests (278 ) (174 )
Other, net (19 ) (22 )
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 900   (3,055 )
 
Net (decrease) increase in cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents (255 ) 290

Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents at beginning of year

4,710   4,420  

Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents at end of perioda

$ 4,455   $ 4,710  
 

a. Includes restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents of $238 million at December 31, 2018, and $184 million at December 31, 2017.

 

FREEPORT-McMoRan INC.
ADJUSTED NET INCOME

Adjusted net income is intended to provide investors and others with information about FCX's recurring operating performance. This information differs from net income attributable to common stock determined in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures of performance determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP. FCX's adjusted net income follows, which may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies (in millions, except per share amounts).

     
Three Months Ended December 31,
2018     2017
Pre-tax     After-taxa     Per Share Pre-tax     After-taxa     Per Share
Net income attributable to common stock N/A   $ 140   $ 0.09   N/A   $ 1,041   $ 0.71  
 
Cerro Verde royalty disputeb $ (399 ) $ (195 ) $ (0.13 ) $ 9 $ 2 $
PT-FI net charges (192 ) c (94 ) (0.07 )
Other net charges (65 ) d (36 ) (0.02 ) (25 ) e (15 ) (0.01 )

Net adjustments to environmental obligations and related litigation reserves

(5 ) (5 ) (157 ) (157 ) (0.11 )
Net gain on sales of assets 82 f 82 0.05 15 15 0.01
Net gain on early extinguishment of debt (1 ) (1 ) 13 13 0.01
Net tax creditsg N/A 224 0.15 N/A 417 0.29
Gain on discontinued operations 4   4     16   16   0.01  
$ (576 ) $ (21 ) $ (0.02 ) $ (129 ) $ 291   $ 0.20  
 
Adjusted net income attributable to common stock N/A $ 161 $ 0.11 N/A $ 750 $ 0.51
 
 
Years Ended December 31,
2018 2017
Pre-tax After-taxa Per Share Pre-tax After-taxa Per Share
Net income attributable to common stock N/A   $ 2,257   $ 1.55   N/A   $ 1,817   $ 1.25  
 
Cerro Verde royalty disputeb $ (406 ) $ (195 ) $ (0.13 ) $ (348 ) $ (186 ) $ (0.13 )
Cerro Verde labor agreement (69 ) (22 ) (0.02 )
PT-FI net charges (180 ) c (88 ) (0.06 )
Other net charges (67 ) d (38 ) (0.02 ) (33 ) e (27 ) (0.02 )
PT-FI charges for workforce reductions (125 ) h (66 ) (0.04 )

Net adjustments to environmental obligations and related litigation reserves

(57 ) (57 ) (0.04 ) (210 ) (210 ) (0.14 )
Net gain on sales of assets 208 f 208 0.14 81 81 0.06
Net gain on early extinguishment of debt 7 7 21 21 0.01
Interest on tax refunds 30 19 0.01
Net tax creditsg N/A 229 0.16 N/A 438 0.30
(Loss) gain on discontinued operations (15 ) (15 ) (0.01 ) 70   62   0.04  
$ (549 ) $ 48   $ 0.03   $ (544 ) $ 113   $ 0.08  
 
Adjusted net income attributable to common stock N/A $ 2,209 $ 1.52 N/A $ 1,704 $ 1.17
 

a. Reflects impact to FCX net income attributable to common stock (i.e., net of any taxes and noncontrolling interests).

b. Reflects net (charges) adjustments associated with disputed royalties at Cerro Verde for prior years. Net charges for the 2018 periods primarily reflect penalties and interest for the years 2009 through 2013 and consist of charges to production and delivery costs ($14 million), interest expense ($363 million in fourth-quarter 2018 and $370 million for the year 2018) and other expense ($22 million), net of income tax benefits ($28 million in fourth-quarter 2018 and $35 million for the year 2018) and noncontrolling interests ($176 million). Net charges for the year 2017 primarily reflect disputed royalties and related matters for prior years and consists of charges to production and delivery ($203 million), interest expense ($145 million) and income taxes ($7 million), net of noncontrolling interests ($169 million).

c. Reflects charges in production and delivery of $69 million for surface water tax disputes with the local regional tax authority in Papua, Indonesia, $32 million for assessments of prior period permit fees with Indonesia's Ministry of Environment and Forestry, $72 million for disputed payroll withholding taxes for prior years and other tax settlements, and $62 million to write-off certain previously capitalized project costs for the new Indonesian smelter. These charges were partly offset by inventory adjustments ($43 million in fourth-quarter 2018 and $55 million for the year 2018).

d. Includes $48 million of depreciation expense at Freeport Cobalt from November 2016 to September 2018 that was suspended while it was classified as held for sale, and other net charges to production and delivery ($6 million in fourth-quarter 2018 and $8 million for the year 2018), selling, general and administrative expense ($4 million), interest expense ($4 million) and other expense ($3 million).

e. Primarily includes net charges in production and delivery costs ($16 million in fourth-quarter 2017 and $7 million for the year 2017) and interest expense ($8 million). The year 2017 also includes net charges of $17 million in selling, general and administrative expense.

f. Reflects gains on sales of assets and adjustments to assets no longer classified as held for sale. Also includes fair value adjustments of $(45) million in fourth-quarter 2018 and $31 million for the year 2018 associated with potential contingent consideration related to the 2016 sale of onshore California oil and gas properties. FCX has realized $50 million in contingent consideration for 2018, which is expected to be received in 2019, and would receive additional contingent consideration related to this transaction consisting of $50 million per year for 2019 and 2020 if the price of Brent crude oil averages over $70 per barrel in each of these calendar years.

g. Refer to "Income Taxes" on page VIII, for further discussion of net tax credits.

h. Includes charges of $5 million in selling, general and administrative expenses.

Freeport-McMoRan Inc.
Financial Contacts:
Kathleen L. Quirk, 602-366-8016
or
David P. Joint, 504-582-4203
or
Media Contact:
Linda S. Hayes, 602-366-7824

Source: Freeport-McMoRan Inc.