ASO
$31.68
Academy Sports and Outdoors
($.61)
(1.89%)
Earnings Details
Quarter January 2021
Tuesday, March 30, 2021 8:00:00 AM
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Summary

Academy Sports and Outdoors Beats

Academy Sports and Outdoors (ASO) reported Quarter January 2021 earnings of $1.09 per share on revenue of $1.6 billion. The consensus earnings estimate was $0.62 per share on revenue of $1.6 billion. The Earnings Whisper number was $0.68 per share.

The company said it expects fiscal 2022 earnings of $2.70 to $2.95 per share. The current consensus earnings estimate is $2.35 per share for the year ending January 31, 2022.

Academy is a leading full-line sporting goods and outdoor recreation retailer in the United States. Originally founded in 1938 as a family business in Texas, Academy has grown to 259 stores across 16 contiguous states. Academy's mission is to provide "Fun for All" and Academy fulfills this mission with a localized merchandising strategy and value proposition that strongly connects with a broad range of consumers.

Results
Reported Earnings
$1.09
Earnings Whisper
$0.68
Consensus Estimate
$0.62
Reported Revenue
$1.60 Bil
Revenue Estimate
$1.56 Bil
Growth
Earnings Growth
Revenue Growth
Power Rating
Grade
Earnings Release

Academy Sports + Outdoors Announces Record Sales and Earnings for the Fourth Quarter & Fiscal 2020

Fourth Quarter and Full Year Comparable Sales Increased 16.1%

Fourth Quarter Gross Margin Rate Expanded 420 basis points over Q4 2019

Full Year Net Income Increased 157.2% over 2019 to $308.8 million

KATY, Texas, March 30, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Academy Sports and Outdoors, Inc. (Nasdaq: ASO) ("Academy" or the "Company") today announced its financial results for the fourth quarter and fiscal year ended January 30, 2021. Unless otherwise indicated, comparisons are to the same period in the prior fiscal year.

Fourth Quarter 2020 Results
Net sales increased 16.6% to a record $1.60 billion. Comparable sales increased 16.1%, driven by strong consumer demand across all markets and merchandise divisions, particularly Sports & Recreation. E-commerce sales grew 60.7%, led by an increase in website visits and the continued consumer adoption of new fulfillment methods, such as buy online, pick-up in-store, ship-to-store and curbside pick-up.

Gross profit increased 34.7% to $499.1 million. The gross margin rate increased 420 basis points to 31.2%. This increase was driven by higher merchandise margins, fewer promotions and a reduction in clearance sales.

Net income was $91.5 million, a 416.0% increase over $17.7 million in the prior year quarter, resulting in diluted earnings per share of $0.97, compared to $0.24 per share in the prior year quarter. Pro forma adjusted net income, which excludes the impact of certain non-cash and extraordinary items, was $103.1 million, a 485.8% increase over pro forma adjusted net income of $17.6 million in the prior year quarter. Pro forma diluted earnings per share were $1.09, compared to $0.23 per share in the prior year quarter.

“I am very proud of everything the Academy Sports + Outdoors team members achieved in 2020 as they faced substantial adversity and uncertainty due to the pandemic. Through collaboration, dedication and innovation, the team produced remarkable results and delivered fun to millions of customers while laying the foundation for future success,” said Ken Hicks, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer. “With our outstanding team, strong balance sheet and by investing in our key initiatives, such as power merchandising and e-commerce capabilities, Academy is very well positioned to continue to drive top and bottom line growth for the long term as well as enhance shareholder value.”

Fiscal Year 2020 Results
Net sales increased 17.8% to a record $5.69 billion. Comparable sales increased 16.1%. This growth was led by a 138.3% increase in e-commerce sales and strong demand in the Outdoor and Sports & Recreation categories.

Gross profit increased 21.2% to a record $1.73 billion. The gross margin rate was 30.5%, a 90 basis point improvement over the prior year.

Net income increased 157.2% to a record $308.8 million. This resulted in diluted earnings per share of $3.79, compared to diluted earnings per share of $1.60 for fiscal 2019. Fiscal 2020 pro forma adjusted net income was $311.7 million, a 310.7% increase over fiscal 2019 pro forma adjusted net income of $75.9 million. This resulted in pro forma adjusted diluted earnings per share of $3.83, compared to pro forma adjusted diluted earnings per share of $1.02 in fiscal 2019.

Michael Mullican, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, said, "Thanks to the tremendous efforts of the team, Academy ended the fiscal year in a very strong financial position. Being able to flow our record sales through to the bottom line allows us to invest in additional initiatives to create efficiencies and fuel future growth and profitability.”

Balance Sheet Update
As of the end of fiscal 2020, the Company’s cash and cash equivalents totaled $377.6 million, compared to $149.4 million at the end of fiscal 2019. Net cash provided by operating activities was $1.01 billion for fiscal 2020 compared to $263.7 million in fiscal 2019. Fiscal 2020 adjusted free cash flow was $978.5 million compared to $196.9 million for fiscal 2019.

As a reminder, on November 6, 2020, the Company issued $400 million of senior secured notes and entered into a new $400 million term loan facility, both of which mature in 2027. The net proceeds from the notes and the new term loan, as well as cash on hand, were utilized to repay in full outstanding borrowings under the Company’s existing term loan facility in the amount of $1.43 billion, reducing the Company’s debt by $631 million.

2021 Outlook
The Company is providing the following fiscal 2021 guidance for stockholders and analysts.

      % change (at mid-point)
  2021(e) range 2020 2019vs. 2020vs. 2019
Comparable sales
  (2.0)% 2.0% 16.1% (0.7)%  
        
Net income $265.0 $290.0$308.7$120.0(10)%131%
        
Earnings per share-diluted $2.70 $2.95$3.79$1.60(25)%77%
        
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding  98,200  98,200 81,431 74,795  
(in millions, except per share amounts)       

For the full year, net interest expense is planned to be $49 million and the tax rate is forecast at 25%.

Conference Call Info
Academy will host a conference call today at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time to discuss its financial results. Listeners may access the call by dialing 1-877-407-3982 from the U.S. or 1-201-493-6780 from international locations. The conference passcode is 13717292. A webcast of the call can be accessed at investors.academy.com.

A telephonic replay of the conference call will be available for approximately 30 days, by dialing 1-844-512-2921 from the U.S. or 1-412-317-6671 from international locations and entering conference passcode 13717292. An archive of the webcast will be available at investors.academy.com for approximately 30 days.

About Academy Sports + Outdoors
Academy is a leading full-line sporting goods and outdoor recreation retailer in the United States. Originally founded in 1938 as a family business in Texas, Academy has grown to 259 stores across 16 contiguous states. Academy’s mission is to provide “Fun for All” and Academy fulfills this mission with a localized merchandising strategy and value proposition that strongly connects with a broad range of consumers. Academy’s product assortment focuses on key categories of outdoor, apparel, footwear and sports & recreation through both leading national brands and a portfolio of 17 private label brands, which go well beyond traditional sporting goods and apparel offerings.

All references to "Academy," "Academy Sports + Outdoors," "we," "us," "our" or the "Company" in this press release refer to (1) prior to October 1, 2020 (the "IPO pricing date"), New Academy Holding Company, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company ("NAHC") and the prior parent holding company for our operations, and its consolidated subsidiaries; and (2) on and after the IPO pricing date, Academy Sports and Outdoors, Inc., a Delaware corporation ("ASO, Inc.") and the current parent holding company of our operations, and its consolidated subsidiaries.

On the IPO pricing date, we completed a series of reorganization transactions (the "Reorganization Transactions") that resulted in NAHC being contributed to ASO, Inc. by its members and becoming a wholly owned subsidiary of ASO, Inc. and one share of common stock of ASO, Inc. issued to then-existing members of NAHC for every 3.15 membership units of NAHC contributed to ASO, Inc. (the "Contribution Ratio").   Unless indicated otherwise, the information in this press release has been adjusted to give retrospective effect to the Contribution Ratio.

Non-GAAP Measures
Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Net Income (Loss), Pro Forma Adjusted Net Income (Loss), Pro Forma Adjusted Earnings Per Share, and Adjusted Free Cash Flow have been presented in this press release as supplemental measures of financial performance that are not required by, or presented in accordance with, generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). These non-GAAP measures have limitations as analytical tools. For information on these limitations, as well as information on why management believes these non-GAAP measures are useful, please see our prospectus filed on January 25, 2021 (our “Prospectus”), pursuant to Rule 424(b)(4) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and our Quarterly Report for the thirty-nine weeks ended October 31, 2020 (the "Quarterly Report"), as such limitations and information may be updated from time to time in our periodic filings with the SEC, which are accessible on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov.

We compensate for these limitations by primarily relying on our GAAP results in addition to using these non-GAAP measures supplementally.

See “Reconciliations of Non-GAAP to GAAP Financial Measures” below for reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures used in this press release to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measures.

Forward Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These statements include, but are not limited to, statements related to our current beliefs and expectations regarding the performance of our industry, our strategic direction, market position, prospects and future results. You can identify these forward-looking statements by the use of words such as “outlook,” “guidance,” “believes,” “expects,” “potential,” “continues,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “seeks,” “projects,” “predicts,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates” or the negative version of these words or other comparable words. Caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement as such statements speak only as of the date when made. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except as required by law. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees and are subject to various risk factors and uncertainties, which may cause actual results to differ materially from those implied in the forward-looking statements. Such factors include, but are not limited to, overall decline in the health of the economy and consumer discretionary spending; our ability to predict or effectively react to changes in consumer tastes and preferences, to acquire and sell brand name merchandise at competitive prices and/or to manage our inventory balances; the impact of COVID-19 on our business and financial results; intense competition in the sporting goods and outdoor recreation retail industries; our ability to safeguard sensitive or confidential data relating to us and our customers, team members and vendors; risks associated with our reliance on internationally manufactured merchandise; our ability to comply with laws and regulations affecting our business, including those relating to the sale, manufacture and import of consumer products; claims, demands and lawsuits to which we are, and may in the future, be subject and the risk that our insurance or indemnities coverage may not be sufficient; our ability to operate, update or implement our information technology systems; risks associated with disruptions in our supply chain and losses of merchandise purchasing incentives; harm to our reputation; any failure of our third-party vendors of outsourced business services and solutions; our ability to successfully continue our store growth plans or manage our growth effectively, or any failure of our new stores to generate sales and/or achieve profitability; risks associated with our e-commerce business; risks related to our owned brand merchandise; any disruption in the operation of our distribution centers; quarterly and seasonal fluctuations in our operating results; the occurrence of severe weather events, catastrophic health events, natural or man-made disasters, social and political conditions or civil unrest; our ability to protect our intellectual property and avoid the infringement of third-party intellectual property rights; our dependence on our ability to meet our labor needs; the geographic concentration of our stores; fluctuations in merchandise costs and availability; our ability to successfully pursue strategic acquisitions and integrate acquired businesses; payment-related risks; our ability to retain key executives; the effectiveness of our marketing and advertising programs; our substantial indebtedness; and our sponsor controls us and their interests may conflict with ours or yours in the future. Additional factors that could cause our results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements can be found under the heading entitled “Risk Factors” in the Prospectus and the Quarterly Report, as such factors may be further updated from time to time in our periodic filings with the SEC, which are accessible on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements that are included in this release and in our filings with the SEC.

Investor Contact       Media Contact
Matt Hodges   Elise Hasbrook
VP, Investor Relations   VP, Communications
281-646-5362   281-944-6041
Matt.hodges@academy.com   Elise.hasbrook@academy.com



ACADEMY SPORTS AND OUTDOORS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

  Thirteen Weeks Ended
  January 30,
2021
Percentage of
Sales
(2)
 February 1,
2020
 Percentage of
Sales
(2)
Net sales$  1,597,436
  100.0% $1,370,492 100.0
%
Cost of goods sold 1,098,348 68.8% 999,960 73.0%
Gross margin 499,088 31.2% 370,532 27.0%
Selling, general and administrative expenses 358,056 22.4% 328,315 24.0%
Operating income 141,032 8.8% 42,217 3.1%
Interest expense, net 16,027 1.0% 24,136 1.8%
Loss on early retirement of debt, net 4,249 0.3%   %
Other (income), net (797)0.0% (560
0.0%
Income before income taxes 121,553 7.6% 18,641 1.4%
Income tax expense 30,031 1.9% 903 0.1%
Net income 91,522  5.7 % $17,738
 1.3%
            
           
           
        
Earnings Per Common Share:       
Basic$ 1.01  $0.24  
Diluted$ 0.97  $0.24  
        
Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding:       
Basic (1) 90,253   72,468  
Diluted (1) 94,377   74,974  

(1) After effect of the retrospective presentation of the Reorganization Transactions and Contribution Ratio
(2) Column may not add due to rounding



ACADEMY SPORTS AND OUTDOORS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 Fiscal Year Ended
 January 30,
2021
 Percentage of
Sales
(2)
 February 1,
2020
  Percentage of
Sales
(2)
Net sales$5,689,233  100.0% $4,829,897  100.0%
Cost of goods sold3,955,188  69.5% 3,398,743  70.4%
Gross margin1,734,045  30.5% 1,431,154  29.6%
Selling, general and administrative expenses1,313,647  23.1% 1,251,733  25.9%
Operating income420,398  7.4% 179,421  3.7%
Interest expense, net86,514  1.5% 101,307  2.1%
Gain on early retirement of debt, net(3,582) (0.1)% (42,265) (0.9)%
Other (income), net(1,654 0.0% (2,481) (0.1)%
Income before income taxes339,120  6.0% 122,860  2.5%
Income tax expense30,356  0.5% 2,817  0.1%
Net income$308,764  5.4% $120,043  2.5%
         
Earnings Per Common Share:        
Basic (1)$3.96    $1.66   
Diluted (1)$3.79    $1.60   
         
Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding:        
Basic (1)77,994    72,477   
Diluted (1)81,431    74,795   

(1) After effect of retrospective presentation of the Reorganization Transactions and Contribution Ratio
(2) Column may not add due to rounding



ACADEMY SPORTS AND OUTDOORS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollar amounts in thousands)

  January 30, 2021 February 1, 2020
ASSETS    
CURRENT ASSETS:    
Cash and cash equivalents $377,604  $149,385 
Accounts receivable - less allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,172 and $3,275, respectively 17,306  13,999 
Merchandise inventories, net 990,034  1,099,749 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 28,313  24,548 
Assets held for sale 1,763  1,763 
Total current assets 1,415,020  1,289,444 
     
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET 378,260  441,407 
RIGHT-OF-USE ASSETS 1,143,699  1,145,705 
TRADE NAME 577,000  577,000 
GOODWILL 861,920  861,920 
OTHER NONCURRENT ASSETS 8,583  15,845 
Total assets $4,384,482  $4,331,321 
     
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' / PARTNERS' EQUITY    
CURRENT LIABILITIES:    
Accounts payable $791,404  $428,823 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 291,351  211,381 
Current lease liabilities 80,338  76,329 
Current maturities of long-term debt 4,000  34,116 
Total current liabilities 1,167,093  750,649 
     
LONG-TERM DEBT, net  781,489  1,428,542 
LONG-TERM LEASE LIABILITIES 1,150,088  1,141,896 
DEFERRED TAX LIABILITIES, NET 138,703   
OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES 35,126  19,197 
Total liabilities 3,272,499  3,340,284 
     
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES    
     
REDEEMABLE MEMBERSHIP UNITS   2,818 
     
STOCKHOLDERS' / PARTNERS' EQUITY (1):    
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, authorized 50,000,000 shares; none issued and outstanding    
Partners' equity, membership units authorized, issued and outstanding were 72,468,164 as of February 1, 2020   996,285 
Common stock, $0.01 par value, authorized 300,000,000 shares; 91,114,475 issued and outstanding as of January 30, 2021 911   
Additional paid-in capital 127,228   
Retained earnings 987,168   
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (3,324) (8,066)
Stockholders' / partners' equity 1,111,983  988,219 
Total liabilities and stockholders' / partners' equity $4,384,482  $4,331,321 

(1) After effect of retrospective presentation of the Reorganization Transactions and Contribution Ratio



ACADEMY SPORTS AND OUTDOORS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Amounts in thousands)

  Fiscal Year Ended
  January 30, 2021 February 1, 2020 February 2, 2019
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:      
Net income $308,764  $120,043  $21,442 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:      
Depreciation and amortization 105,481  117,254  132,782 
Non-cash lease expense 13,880  3,965   
Equity compensation 31,617  7,881  4,633 
Amortization of deferred loan and other costs 5,516  3,717  4,163 
Loss on swaps from debt refinancing 1,330     
Deferred income taxes 701  297  (494)
Non-cash gain on early retirement of debt, net (3,582 (42,265)  
Gain on disposal of property and equipment   (23 (801)
Casualty loss 194  569  46 
Impairment of long-lived assets     1,408 
Changes in assets and liabilities:      
Accounts receivable, net (2,981) 4,476  2,582 
Merchandise inventories, net 109,520  34,407  89,284 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets (3,765) (3,732) 2,187 
Other noncurrent assets (2,496) 398  274 
Accounts payable 361,518  (2,904) (70,029)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 57,376  20,615  (2,703
Income taxes payable 14,124     
Deferred rent/tenant improvement allowances     2,833 
Other long-term liabilities 14,400  (1,029) 10,874 
Net cash provided by operating activities 1,011,597  263,669  198,481 
       
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:      
Capital expenditures (41,269) (62,818) (107,905)
Proceeds from insurance claims     2,593 
Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment   23  10,429 
Note receivable from member 8,125  (3,988 (4,144)
Net cash used in investing activities (33,144) (66,783 (99,027
       
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:      
Proceeds from ABL Facility 500,000  502,500  526,812 
Repayment of ABL Facility (500,000) (502,500 (561,812)
Proceeds from Term Loan, net of discount 396,000     
Repayment of Term Loan (1,461,072 (122,819) (18,250)
Proceeds from Notes 400,000     
Debt issuance fees (14,147)   (2,808)
Share-Based Award Payments (20,970)    
Distribution (257,000    
Equity contributions from Managers   100  1,250 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options 22     
Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of Offering Costs 206,970     
Repurchase of Redeemable Membership Units (37 (473)  
Net cash used in financing activities (750,234) (123,192) (54,808)
       
NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS 228,219  73,694  44,646 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD 149,385  75,691  31,045 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD $377,604  $149,385  $75,691 



ACADEMY SPORTS AND OUTDOORS, INC.
RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP TO GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
(Unaudited)
(Dollar amounts in thousands)

Adjusted EBITDA

We define “Adjusted EBITDA” as net income (loss) before interest expense, net, income tax expense and depreciation, amortization and impairment, further adjusted to exclude consulting fees, private equity sponsor monitoring fees, equity compensation expense, gain on early extinguishment of debt, net, severance and executive transition costs, costs related to the COVID-19 pandemic and other adjustments. We describe these adjustments reconciling net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA in the following table.

   Thirteen Weeks Ended Fiscal Year Ended
   January 30,
2021
 February 1,
2020
 January 30,
2021
 February 1,
2020
Net income $91,522  $17,738  $308,764  $120,043 
Interest expense, net 16,027  24,136  86,514  101,307 
Income tax expense 30,031  903  30,356  2,817 
Depreciation and amortization 25,763  28,561  105,481  117,254 
Consulting fees (a) 91  84  285  3,601 
Private equity sponsor monitoring fee (b)   939  14,793  3,636 
Equity compensation (c) 4,568  2,009  31,617  7,881 
(Gain) Loss on early extinguishment of debt, net 4,249    (3,582 (42,265)
Severance and executive transition costs (d) 2,434  192  6,571  1,429 
Costs related to the COVID-19 pandemic (e)     17,632   
Other (f) 3,698  2,656  8,592  7,111 
Adjusted EBITDA $178,383  $77,218  $607,023  $322,814 
          
(a) Represents outside consulting fees associated with our strategic cost savings and business optimization initiatives.
(b) Represents our contractual payments under a monitoring agreement ("Monitoring Agreement") with our private equity sponsor Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. L.P.
(c) Represents non-cash charges related to equity based compensation, which vary from period to period depending on certain factors such as timing and valuation of awards, achievement of performance targets and equity award forfeitures.
(d) Represents severance costs associated with executive leadership changes and enterprise-wide organizational changes.
(e) Represents costs incurred during the first half of 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, including temporary wage premiums, additional sick time, costs of additional cleaning supplies and third party cleaning services for the stores, corporate office and distribution centers, accelerated freight costs associated with shifting our inventory purchase earlier in the year to maintain stock, and legal fees associated with consulting in local jurisdictions. These costs were no longer added back beginning in the third quarter of 2020.
(f) Other adjustments include (representing deductions or additions to Adjusted EBITDA) amounts that management believes are not representative of our operating performance, including investment income, installation costs for energy savings associated with our profitability initiatives, legal fees associated with our distribution and the omnibus incentive plan, store exit costs and other costs associated with strategic cost savings and business optimization initiatives.


Adjusted Net Income, Pro Forma Adjusted Net Income and Pro Forma Adjusted Earnings Per Share

We define “Adjusted Net Income (Loss)” as net income (loss), plus consulting fees, private equity sponsor monitoring fees, equity compensation expense, gain on early extinguishment of debt, net, severance and executive transition costs, costs related to the COVID-19 pandemic and other adjustments, less the tax effect of these adjustments. We define “Pro Forma Adjusted Net Income (Loss)” as Adjusted Net Income (Loss) less the retroactive tax effect of Adjusted Net Income at our estimated effective tax rate of approximately 25% for periods prior to October 1, 2020, the effective date of our conversion to a C-Corporation. We define “Pro Forma Adjusted Earnings per Common Share, Basic” as Pro Forma Adjusted Net Income divided by the basic weighted average common shares outstanding during the period and “Pro Forma Adjusted Earnings per Common Share, Diluted” as Pro Forma Adjusted Net Income divided by the diluted weighted average common shares outstanding during the period. We describe these adjustments reconciling net income (loss) to Adjusted Net Income (Loss), Pro Forma Adjusted Net Income (Loss), and Pro Forma Adjusted Earnings Per Share in the following table.

   Thirteen Weeks Ended Fiscal Year Ended
   January 30, 2021 February 1, 2020 January 30, 2021 February 1, 2020
Net income $91,522  $17,738  $308,764  $120,043 
Consulting fees (a) 91  84  285  3,601 
Private equity monitoring fee (b)   939  14,793  3,636 
Equity compensation (c) 4,568  2,009  31,617  7,881 
(Gain) Loss on early extinguishment of debt, net 4,249    (3,582) (42,265)
Severance and executive transition costs (d) 2,434  192  6,571  1,429 
Costs related to the COVID-19 pandemic (e)     17,632   
Other (f) 3,698  2,656  8,592  7,111 
Tax effects of these adjustments (g) (27) (11) (136) 33 
Adjusted Net Income 106,535  23,607  384,536  101,469 
Estimated tax effect of change to C-Corporation status (h) (3,434) (6,007 (72,844) (25,542)
Pro Forma Adjusted Net Income $103,101  $17,600  $311,692  $75,927 
          
Pro Forma Adjusted Earnings per Share        
Basic $1.14  $0.24  $4.00  $1.05 
Diluted $1.09  $0.23  $3.83  $1.02 
Weighted average common shares outstanding        
Basic (1) 90,253  72,468  77,994  72,477 
Diluted (1) 94,377  74,974  81,431  74,795 
          
(1)  After effect of retrospective presentation of the Reorganization Transactions and Contribution Ratio
          
(a)  Represents outside consulting fees associated with our strategic cost savings and business optimization initiatives.
(b)  Represents our contractual payments under our Monitoring Agreement with our private equity sponsor Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. L.P.
(c)  Represents non-cash charges related to equity based compensation, which vary from period to period depending on certain factors such as timing and valuation of awards, achievement of performance targets and equity award forfeitures.
(d)  Represents severance costs associated with executive leadership changes and enterprise-wide organizational changes.
(e)  Represents costs incurred during the first half of 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, including temporary wage premiums, additional sick time, costs of additional cleaning supplies and third party cleaning services for the stores, corporate office and distribution centers, accelerated freight costs associated with shifting our inventory purchase earlier in the year to maintain stock, and legal fees associated with consulting in local jurisdictions. These costs were no longer added back beginning in the third quarter of 2020.
(f)  Other adjustments include (representing deductions or additions to Adjusted Net Income) amounts that management believes are not representative of our operating performance, including investment income, installation costs for energy savings associated with our profitability initiatives, legal fees associated with a distribution to NAHC's members and our omnibus incentive plan, store exit costs and other costs associated with strategic cost savings and business optimization initiatives.
(g)  Represents the tax effect of the total adjustments made to arrive at Adjusted Net Income at our historical tax rate.
(h)  Represents the retrospective tax effect of Adjusted Net Income at our estimated effective tax rate of approximately 25% for periods prior to October 1, 2020, the effective date of our conversion to a C-Corporation, upon which we became subject to federal income taxes.


Adjusted Free Cash Flow

We define “Adjusted Free Cash Flow” as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities less net cash provided by (used in) investing activities. We describe these adjustments reconciling net cash provided by operating activities to Adjusted Free Cash Flow in the following table.

  Thirteen Weeks Ended Fiscal Year Ended
  January 30,
2021
 February 1,
2020
 January 30,
2021
 February 1,
2020
Net cash provided by operating activities $154,379  $168,913  $1,011,597  $263,669 
Net cash used in investing activities (19,354 (14,204) (33,144) (66,783
Adjusted Free Cash Flow $135,025  $154,709  $978,453  $196,886 

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Source: Academy Sports and Outdoors, Inc.